Working in the different welding positions
Welders usually stand to weld. But there are a few other possible welding positions you might want to know about, especially if your joints or back start hurting while you’re working. These include flat, horizontal, vertical etc. Each position requires a specific technique to do the best job possible without damaging your equipment or hurting yourself.
-Flat welding position: In this position, the weld is done from one side of a surface while laying the shielding gas on the other side. The torch is kept stationary, and only moved to change directions when swapping sides of a surface.
-Horizontal welding position: In this position, you are laying down with your head at one end of the metal and feet at the opposite end. You will use short strokes in this position because it helps keep your elbows out of the way.
-Vertical welding position: In this position, you are standing up and welding while using long strokes for maximum heat input. Sometimes it is more comfortable to use a swivel seat which helps relieve some fatigue in your back or joints as you weld but requires that someone be stationed at one end with their head at the other end.
-Laying down welding position: In this position, you are lying down and welding with long strokes because there is no chance of your elbows hitting anything too close to a joint.
-Overhead position: This position is the same as laying down welding except that you are standing up, with your feet at one end of the metal and head at the opposite end.
-Vertical overhead position: This position is like vertical welding but instead you will use long strokes because it’s hard to reach a joint if using short strokes.
Positions for pipe welding
Pipe welding usually requires a different position because you are focusing on making your weld where the pipe meets with other pipes.
-The vertical pipe welding position: In this position, you are standing up and leaning over to make long strokes at an angle so that both sides of the welded area can be easily accessed by someone stationed in front of the welder.
-The horizontal pipe welding position: In this position, you are lying down on your back and making long strokes so that both sides of the welded area can be easily accessed by someone stationed in front of the welder.
-Pipe weaving positions: There is also a pipe weaving technique where you’re able to weave the pipe in and out of your body.
The key features of these positions are that they all keep your hands away from sharp edges or flames as possible for better safety.
Tips for welding positions
There are a few tips for welding positions to help you be as safe as possible.
-Safety gear is important: Safety equipment includes safety gloves, and eye protection because these two things can make the difference between life or death in some dangerous situations.
-Work at an even pace: One of the key features of all three of these welding positions is that they are counter-intuitive.
-Avoid hot metal: It’s important to stay away from the piece you’re welding because it will be too hot for your hands and could cause a serious burn. The weld should just look like an orange tinge on top of the steel, but not so much that there are orange burns all over the steel.
-Avoid slag: Slag is what happens when you weld and some of your bits or metal just don’t catch on fire, so they’re still stuck to the surface. You can avoid this by making sure that everything’s clean. If there’s dirt, oil, paint or any other substance covering your metal, it’s going to be harder for the welding wire or rod to penetrate and fuse with your materials.
-Keep an eye on how fast you’re moving: Working at a constant pace is important because if you overheat the steel too quickly there will be less time for that material to cool down properly before trying again.
FAQs related to different welding positions
There are some common questions related to adopting welding positions.
What are the best welding positions?
The answer to this is that there's no single best position, but rather a combination of factors which determine what your personal preference might be. For example, you may want to work with overhead clamps or while kneeling on the ground in order to avoid back problems later on.
Why do welding positions matter?
Welding positions are so important because they help you to protect yourself and your work. It is also very helpful for the people that will be using it after welding. For example, if someone welds a chair with their arm bent too far back or at an angle, then whoever sits in this chair may not have as much support on their back.
What if I start to hurt?
If you start to hurt, then stop welding that position and try a different one. If you don't know what position to try, then start with your arm straight in front of you and rotate it from side to side. You can also go for a break before starting again.
Do I have to be in a certain position?
No, you don't need to stay in the same welding position. However, try not going back too often or else it might start hurting again. If you do go back and forth between two positions while working on one project then make sure they are at an equal distance from your body.
How do I know which positions are bad?
There are many ways to find out if the welding position is good or not so here's two: first , if the weld is not straight with a 90 degree angle, then you should stop and find another position. Second, if your arm or leg starts to hurt from being in one place for too long of a time this also means that you should start working on different positions.
What if the position I'm in is hurting?
If you find that a particular welding position is causing pain, then change positions. If it still hurts after changing positions, stop working and talk to your supervisor about getting an ergonomic chair or table for support. Finally, when there isn't anything else you can do, take breaks.